Every year, thousands of people take the dangerous journey from Nigeria to Libya in the hopes of finding a better life in Europe. But the risks are high: not only is the journey itself incredibly dangerous, but migrants also face exploitation and abuse at the hands of human traffickers.
In this blog post, we will explore the risks faced by migrants on this journey. From the perils of the Sahara Desert to the dangers of being sold into slavery, we will shine a light on the dark reality of this mass migration.
Nigeria to Libya distance, location, road map and direction
Nigeria to Libya is a long and dangerous journey. The distance from Nigeria to Libya is about 1,600 miles (2,500 kilometres). The route goes through the Sahara Desert, which is one of the most inhospitable places on Earth. There are no roads and very little water. Temperatures can reach 122 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius).
The journey usually starts in Lagos, Nigeria’s largest city. From there, migrants travel north to the Nigerian city of Kano. From Kano, they head west into Niger. The first stop in Niger is the city of Agadez. From Agadez, migrants must travel through the Sahara Desert to reach Libya.
The Sahara Desert is full of dangers. These include extreme heat, lack of water, bandits, and mines. Many people die each year while trying to cross the Sahara Desert.
There are two main routes that migrants take from Niger to Libya. One route goes through Algeria and the other goes through Chad. Each route has its dangers.
The journey from Niger to Libya typically takes two weeks or more. Once in Libya, migrants often try to reach Europe by boat across the Mediterranean Sea. This part of the journey is also dangerous as many people have drowned while making this crossing.
Migrants living in Niger are subject to some of the toughest conditions on Earth.
Niger is a transit country for migrants from West Africa attempting to reach Europe via Libya. Many migrants travel through Niger without incident, but some face serious risks including kidnapping, rape, and exploitation by criminal gangs.
The journey through Niger is often long and arduous, with migrants walking for days or even weeks through the desert. This can be extremely dangerous, particularly during the hot summer months when temperatures can reach over 50 degrees Celsius. Migrants are often dehydrated and exhausted by the time they reach Nigerien towns and villages.
At various points along the journey, migrants may be stopped by police or military personnel and asked for bribes. If they cannot pay, they may be detained or even deported back to their home countries. Some migrants have reported being beaten or otherwise mistreated by security forces in Niger.
Criminal gangs operating in Niger are also known to target migrants, kidnapping them for ransom or forcing them into labour or sexual servitude. In some cases, migrants have been killed by their captors. The risk of violence and exploitation is especially high for women and girls travelling alone.
A dangerous journey across the Sahara Desert
The Sahara Desert is one of the most dangerous places in the world. Every year, thousands of people die while trying to cross it. The journey is often long and arduous, and many people are not prepared for the harsh conditions.
There are many dangers that migrants face while crossing the Sahara Desert. These include dehydration, exhaustion, heatstroke, and predators. Migrants often have to walk for days in extremely hot conditions with little food or water. Many people do not make it to their destination.
If you are considering making the journey across the Sahara Desert, it is important to be aware of the risks involved. Make sure you are well-prepared before undertaking such a dangerous journey.
Libya as a dead end for many Nigerian migrants
The journey from Nigeria to Libya is a long and dangerous one, often resulting in death or imprisonment. Many Nigerian migrants attempt the journey in the hopes of reaching Europe, but most are unsuccessful.
Those who do manage to make it to Libya often find themselves in detention centres, where they are subject to mistreatment and abuse. Even if they are lucky enough to be released from detention, they face a bleak future in Libya. There is little work available, and living conditions are extremely difficult.
Many Nigerian migrants end up making dangerous journeys across the Mediterranean Sea to Europe in search of a better life. But even if they reach Europe, they often face racism, xenophobia, and discrimination. For many Nigerian migrants, the journey ends in disappointment and heartbreak.
Organ harvesting in Libya
Since the most recent civil war in Libya began, nearly two years ago, organ harvesting has become a routine practice for both the Libyan government and rebel factions.
According to Al Jazeera, Libyan officials are suspected of abducting people from refugee camps and selling their organs to wealthy Gulf Arabs.
The victims are typically young men and boys who are not from rebel-controlled areas—and many of them are black Africans.
And it’s not only Libyan officials who engage in this horrific practice—but there is also evidence that rebel groups have been involved in forced organ removal as well.
One rebel leader in Benghazi was even caught on tape admitting that his fighters had harvested organs from dead soldiers and sold them on the black market.
Crossing the Mediterranean Sea (Libya to Italy)
In recent years, the journey from Libya to Italy has become one of the most dangerous routes for migrants and refugees trying to reach Europe. Every year, thousands of people attempt crossing, and many do not survive.
The dangers of the journey are numerous. The first leg of the journey, from Nigeria to Libya, is often undertaken in overcrowded and unseaworthy boats. These vessels are frequently overloaded and can capsize or sink, leaving passengers to drown or die of thirst.
If they do make it to Libya, migrants and refugees face exploitation at the hands of human traffickers, who may sell them into slavery or force them to work for little or no pay. They may also be detained in Libyan prisons, that are cramped, dirty and dangerous.
The journey across the Mediterranean Sea is also fraught with peril. The seas can be rough, and boats are often overcrowded and not properly equipped for such a voyage. Many people have drowned or died of dehydration while attempting to cross.
Once they reach Italy, migrants and refugees face an uncertain future. While some have been able to build new lives in Europe, others have been deported back to their home countries or remain stuck in limbo in Italian migrant camps.
Making it to Europe
Travelling in Europe can also be risky for irregular migrants. Many irregular migrants travel to Europe without proper documentation, which can make it difficult to obtain medical care, work, or housing. In addition, irregular migrants may be subjected to discrimination and violence.
At each border, there is a high chance of being arrested and returned to Nigeria.
Death toll and warning
The United Nations says nearly 2,300 migrants have died or gone missing this year while attempting to cross the Mediterranean Sea.
Cold weather killed dozens across Europe this winter, including migrants who were sleeping rough in parks and abandoned buildings.
To reduce the number of migrant deaths, the European Union has been working with the Libyan coast guard to intercept boats and return migrants to Libya. But human rights groups have criticized the policy, saying that migrants are returned to a country that is in chaos and where they face detention, torture, and rape.