Seychelles is an Island country and is made up of 115 islands that lie in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa between Kenya and Tanzania. English is the main language and one of the official languages there. The capital of Seychelles is Victoria, but most people only know it as Haven Island because it is where you will arrive once you have landed in Seychelles.
Since the 1970s, tourism has been the leading industry of Seychelles’ economy and contributes about 111 million dollars to the its GDP. Seychelles has over 4,700 hotel rooms. Seychelles is a popular tourist centre for French, British and German who flock to the islands in search of a cool place for relaxation. Seychelles’ climate is tropical with varying temperatures between day and night.
- Population: 99,202 in 2021
- Capital: Victoria
- Official Name: République de Seychelles (Republic of Seychelles)
- Motto: The End Crowns the Work
- Type of Government: Parliamentary democracy
- Currency value: 1 Seychellois rupee = 0.080 US dollar cents
- National Day: 29 June, independence day
- National Colours: red and blue
- Languages spoken: English, French, Seychellois Creole
- Religion: mainly Roman Catholic
How Seychelles came to be
Seychelles was uninhabited until Europeans discovered it in the 16th century. Vasco da Gama and his team discovered it on 15th March 1503. After this, there was a competition between the French and British before they finally came under full control of the British in the 18th century. In 1976, they eventually got independence from the United Kingdom and diversified into agriculture and other businesses. They are said to have the highest nominal per capita Gross Domestic Product in the whole of Africa. Their culture is a mix of French, British, African, Chinese, and Indian.
Political Affairs of Seychelles
They conduct their election by casting votes to elect who would become the head of state for five (5) years. Before this system came to be, they had a long-term president by the name of France Albert René, who overthrew their first president, James Mancham through his supporters to become president.
How Seychelles got its name
Seychelles got its name from Jean-Baptiste-Charles-Seymour, Comte de Selenge, the governor of French India between 1758 and 1767. Jean-Baptiste-Charles-Seymour was also the owner of the island of Praslin, where Victoria, the capital is located.
It is an archipelago
An archipelago is a group of islands. Seychelles is made up of clusters of over 100 islands in the western Indian Ocean. The clusters of Islands are mountainous and subjugated by granite, while others are low-lying coral islands. The archipelago’s isolation has given rise to unique flora and fauna. Seychelles islands have been also populated by immigrants from African, Asian, and European cultures.
The Seychelles islands are grouped into high-rising granite islands in the northwest and low-lying coralline atolls in the southwest. This archipelago is situated on the African Tectonic Plate and covers three hundred eighty-six hundred square kilometres of the Indian Ocean. There are over 100 islands in total, with Mahe being the largest at 142 sq. km.
Seychelles harbours 15% of native English speakers
Seychelles is populated with over 100,000 people and in the capital, Victoria, there are only about 5,000 people who have English as their native language. Others speak Creole.
If you are travelling to Seychelles, you’ll need to be aware that the currency in the country is the Seychelles Rupee. Before 1976, Seychelles was using UK currency which is the pound, and then in 1976, the Seychelles government changed it to their currency. The Seychelles dollar is attached to the Indian Rupee, and there are 100 cents in one Rupee. The exchange rate for the Indian Rupee is very friendly, so you will find shops and hotels that exchange money for you. While travelling, it is best to come along with a lot of US dollars as well as Australian dollars, or you make use of a card and mobile transactions.
Large tortoise population
Different species of tortoises habits in Seychelles, including giant tortoises. Giant tortoises can grow up to four feet long and weigh seven hundred pounds. Some giant tortoises can have a life span of over a hundred years. Their separation from human-made development and killers has helped the species survive and thrive on the islands.
Rarest species of animals
When counting the most beautiful countries in the world Seychelles is one of them and one of the most interesting places to visit there are the dry forests. These dry forests have some of the rarest animals on the planet living in them, including the Indian Loris, the Blushing Flori, and the golden Cockroach. Many interesting plants can also be found in the dry forests of Seychelles, including the Bluebottle and the African blue.
Seychelles has only one international airport
If you are planning to visit Seychelles, you will only be able to land at the airport in Mahe which is the main international airport.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
The Aldabra Atoll and the Vallee de Mai Nature Reserve are the two UNESCO World Heritage Sites that are located in Seychelles. The Aldabra Atoll consists of four large coral islands bounded by coral reefs and has been highly secluded from human interference. The Aldabra Atoll is also home to global turtle breeding programs. The Vallee de Mai Nature Reserve on Praslin Island is a 19.5-hectare palm forest and has been preserved in its nearly natural state.
The large breadfruit plantation era
Breadfruit has a long-time history in Seychelles. The fruit was a staple food for the people of Seychelles. The skin of the fruit is green and tough, and the inside is white or yellow potato-like. It can be eaten in a variety of ways like raw, grilled, roasted, or boiled and it tastes better with coconut milk.
No mosquitoes in Seychelles
Mosquitoes are a common problem in many tropical countries. Presently, there is no mosquito in Seychelles.
Best time to Visit Seychelles
The best time of the year to enjoy yourself in Seychelles is between April and May. You can also go in October and November. These are quiet periods of the year as you may not experience the two trade winds that blow in other months.