Nigeria, a country composed of 36 States and 774 Local Government Areas operates with a democratic system of government where every citizen, up to the age of 18, can elect his or her choice of leaders through an electoral process. These elections are usually conducted every four years as stated in its constitution.
For over 20 years, the national elections have been conducted by a body known as the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
A brief history of INEC
The origin of the INEC can be traced to 1959, the period before independence. The electoral body in Nigeria started with the name, Electoral Commission of Nigeria (ECM). It was established for the purpose of conducting the upcoming 1959 election.
Subsequently, in 1960, the Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO) was established and was charged with the responsibility of conducting the post-independence elections of 1964 and 1965 at the federal and regional levels. FEDECO was later dissolved following the military coup of 1966.
In December 1995, another electoral body known as the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON) was established. It was later dissolved with the establishment of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in 1998 during the Abubakar administration. Till date, the INEC is responsible for carrying out the Nigerian national elections.
2019 gubernatorial election
The 2019 gubernatorial election was conducted on the 9th of March 2019 as against the proposed date of 2nd March 2019. The shift in date was as a result of the postponement of the presidential election caused by some logistics and operational problem faced by INEC.
Eventually, the gubernatorial elections were conducted in 29 states, except Edo, Ekiti, Osun, Ondo, Bayelsa, Anambra and Kogi states. However, elections in 6 of these states were declared inconclusive; as a result, a supplementary election was scheduled to hold in these states on 23rd of March. The affected states were Plateau, Adamawa, Benue, Bauchi, Kano and Sokoto states. In addition to this, the electoral process of Rivers state was suspended by INEC.
Conclusively, 22 governors emerged from the gubernatorial elections of 28th February 2019 and 5 governor-elects have emerged from the supplementary elections of 23rd March, as at now. While some were elected for the first time, others were re-elected into the office. In the current party affiliation of the 36 state governors, PDP holds 15 Governors, APC 19 and All progressives alliance (APGA) 1.
The lists of the newly elected governors are:
Babagana Umara Zulum. Professor Babagana was the pioneer commissioner for reconstruction, rehabilitation and resettlement in Borno. He won the 2019 elections with a total of 1,175,440 votes in Borno State under the umbrella of the All Progressives Congress.
Abdulrahman Abdulrazaq. Abdukrahman obtained the highest number of votes in all 16 local governments of Kwara State with a total of 331,546 votes. He is presently the Chief Executive Officer of FirstFuel limited and a member of the All Progressives Congress (APC).
Babajide Olusola Sanwo-olu. Sanwo-olu started his political career as a member of the People’s Democratic Party after which he became a member of the All Progressive Party. He emerged the winner of Lagos State governorship election with a total of 533,304 votes in 15 all LGAs of the state.
Adedapo Abiodun. He is the governor-elect of Ogun State and won 11 of the 15 LGAs in Ogun State. He is a member of All Progressives Congress is the managing director of Heyden Petroleum as well as the founder of First Power Limited.
Oluwaseyi Makinde is a member of the People’s Democratic Party and the governor-elect of Oyo State with wins in 28 of 33 LGAs of the state. He is presently the Group Managing Director of Makon group limited.
Mai Mala Buni: Buni is the present National secretary of APC. He contested for the Yobe State Governorship Election and won with a total vote of 444,013.
Bala Mohammed: He was formerly a minister of the Federal Capital Territory and contested for the governorship election under the People’s Democratic Party after which he became the governor-elect of the state with a large number of votes in 7 out of the 20 LGAs in Bauchi state with 515,113 votes.
Ahmadu Fitiri was declared governor-elect of Adamawa after the supplementary election that was conducted in 44 pooling units across the 14 LGAs of the state. He is a member of the People’s Democratic Party and also was elected as a speaker of Adamawa house of assembly in 2014.
Bello Muhammad Mutawalle: On 24 May 2019, The Supreme Court of Nigeria invalidated APC participation in the last National Assembly, the State House of Assembly and governorship elections in Zamfara State. This is because the APC party failed to conduct rancour-free primary elections which contravened the party’s constitution, the 1999 Constitution, and the Electoral Act.
In light of this, Bello Muhammad Mutawalle of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), who polled 189,452, has been declared the winner of the governorship election in Zamfara State.
Permit me to let you know that before then, Muktar Idris was the governor-elect of Zamfara State. He was declared the winner of Zamfara State governorship election with a total of 534,541 votes across the 14 LGAs in Zamfara State. He is a member of the All Progressives Congress (APC).
Muhammad Inuwa Yahaya won the Gombe State governorship election under the platform of the All Progressives Congress. He is a former Commissioner of Finance and Economic Development. He won the election by 364,179 votes.
Abdullahi Sule is the governor-elect of Nassarawa State. He was elected as the governorship candidate of the All Progressive Congress. He polled a total of 327,229 votes with wins from 11 of 13 LGAs of the state.
The re-elected governors are:
Nasir El-Rufai. He is the incumbent Governor of Kaduna state and a member of the All Progressives Party. He was formerly the Director General of Bureau of Public Enterprises and also served as minister of the Federal Capital Territory for 4 years.
Udom Emmanuel. The present governor of Akwa Ibom State belongs to the People’s Democratic Party. He is a fellow of the Nigerian Institute of Management and won the 2019 election with a total of 519,712 votes.
Okezie Ikpeazu. He is the incumbent governor of Abia state and a member of the People’s Democratic Party. He was the first deputy General Manger of Abia State Environmental Protection Agency. He won the 2019 elections with a total of 261,127 votes in 17 LGAs of the state.
Benedict Bengioushuya Ayade is the current governor of cross river state and former vice-chairman of the senate committee on Environmental and Ecology. He is a member of the People’s Democratic Party and won the elections with a total of 381,484 votes.
Ifeanyi Arthur Okowa. He is the incumbent governor of Delta State and was again re-elected. He is a member of the People’s Democratic Party. His political journey started when he became the secretary of the Ika Local Government Area and chairman of Ika north-east Local Government. He won the 2019 gubernatorial election with a total of 925,274 votes.
David Umahi. He is the current Governor of Ebonyi State and a member of the People’s Democratic Party. He won in all the 13 LGAs of the state with a total vote of 393,043.
Lawrence Ifeanyi Ugwanyi, popularly known as Gburugburu. He is the incumbent governor of Enugu State and contested for the 2019 gubernatorial election where he emerged winner with a total of449,935 votes in the 17 LGAs.
Emeka Ihedioha is the current governor of Imo State. He was re-elected into the office after winning the gubernatorial elections in 11 of 27 LGAs with a total of 273,404 votes. He is a member of the People’s Democratic Party and former Deputy Speaker of the House of Rep of Nigeria. He is also a commander of order of the Niger (CON).
Muhammed Badaru Abubakar. He was the present governor of Jigawa State and currently the National President of the Nigerian Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture. He was re-elected as governor of Jigawa State with a total of 810,933 votes.
Aminu Bello Masari: He is the present governor of Katsina State and a member of the All Progressive Party (APC). He is a former speaker of the Nigerian House of Representatives (2003-2007). He emerged winner of the election with a total of 1,178,864 votes.
Atiku Bagudu was the candidates of the All Progressives Party for the 2019 Kebbi State governorship election and won with 137,299 votes. Bagudu is a former minister of the federal capital territory.
Abubakar Sani Bello is a member of the ruling party and the incumbent Governor of Niger State. He won the 2019 gubernatorial elections with a total of 526,412 votes.
Darius Ishaku. He is the current governor of Taraba State and a member of the People’s Democratic Party. He won the governorship elections in 11 of 15 LGAs of the state with a total of 520,433 votes. He is a former Minister of State for Niger Delta Affairs.
Simon Lalong. Simon started off as a lawyer but later dropped his profession for politics after which he joined the People’s Democratic Party. He is the present Governor of Plateau state and was re-elected during the just supplementary elections with winnings in 11 of 17 LGAs in Plateau.
Aminu Waziri Tabwuwal is the current governor of Sokoto State. He is a member of the People’s Democratic Party and won Sokoto supplementary election with 512,002 votes.